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2019年成人高考专升本《英语》备考练习题及答案(2)

作者: 日期:2019/7/4 16:59:50 出处:山东成考信息网 访问次数:

I. Vocabulary and structure (40分)

  1. The professor needs an assistant that he can to take care of problems in his absence.

  A. count in B. count up

  C. count on D. count out

  2. I am not sure whether l can get any profit from the business, so I can't make a(n) decision about what to do next.

  A. exact B. denied

  C. sure D. definite

  3. Because of the cold weather, they through the night in the camp.

  A. kept the burning fire B. kept the fire burning

  C. kept the fire burnt D. kept burning the fire

  4. Convenience foods which are already prepared for cooking are in stores.

  A. ready B. available C. probable D. approachable

  5. Many people are reported in the natural disaster.

  A. being killed B. to be killed

  C. to have killed D. to have been killed

  6. If the whole surgery beforehand carefully, there would have been a better result.

  A. was planned B. has been planned

  C. had been planned D. were planned

  7. Jane has said little so far, responding only briefly when

  A. spoken B. speaking to C. speaking D. spoken to

  8. to finish quickly.

  A. Not every worker want B. No every workers want

  C. Not every worker wants D. No every workers wants

  9. The photos on the wall grandma of those happy, old days when a large family lived together.

  A. recall B. retain C. remember D. remind

  10. You’d better tell me beforehand if go with me.

  A. you’ll rather not B. you won’t rather

  C. you’d rather not D. you’d rather not to

  11. We all hope he’ll soon his disappointment and be happy again.

  A. get through B. get away C. get up D. get down

  12. The problem of environment protection has been studied .

  A. extremely B. intensively C. originally D. violently.

  13. All games_____because of the rainstorm, many students could do nothing but study in the classroom.

  A. were canceled B. having been canceled.

  C. had been canceled D. have been canceled

  14.“Did you buy anything at the clothing store?”

  “Yes, I bought three shirts for just$120.”

  A. fifty-dollar B. fifties-dollar

  C. fifty-dollars D. fifties-dollars

  15. By the time you get back, great changes_____in this area.

  A. will take place B. will be taken place

  C. are going to take place D. will have taken place

  16. The boy now for the 1ight in his room is still on.

  A. must study B. must be studying

  C. must have studied D. would study

  17. _____she was living in Paris that she met her husband Terry.

  A. Just then B. It was while

  C. Soon after D. During the time when

  18. Technical schools prepare their students for the application of practical skills, they learn in class their work.

  A. to B. in

  C. for D. of

  19. His written English was first-class and he had a(n) vocabulary for a sophomore.

  A. intimate B. initial

  C. inevitable D. incredible

  20. After the company the problem of unfair competition, its sales figures dropped to a record low.

  A. look into B. ran into

  C. come into D. put into

  21. John isn’t a diligent student for it is the third time he has been late, ?

  A. wasn’t B. hasn’t it

  C. isn’t it D. hasn’t he

  22. He told me_____afraid because l had done nothing wrong.

  A. to be not B. not to be

  C. not being D. being not

  23. Last year, the production rate by 20 percent.

  A. rose B. raised

  C. arose D. aroused

  24. I hope that the good weather ______ for the rest of our trip.

  A. holds up B. holds down

  C. holds out D. holds in

  25. Each person in the world has a(n) personality. They are different from one another.

  A. only B. sole

  C. unique D. one

  26. With all the work on hand. He _____to the cinema last night.

  A. should go B. must have gone

  C. shouldn’t have gone D. might have gone

  27. I am sorry to your feelings.

  A. have spoilt B. have destroyed

  C. have hurt D .have damaged

  28. He is so wise a man that all the people _______.

  A. 1ook him up B. 1ook into him

  C. 1ook up to him D. 1ook to him

  29. Yon can write the paper______ you 1ike.

  A. whatever B. however

  C. anyway D. some way

  30. I don’t doubt she will learn a lot during her stay in China.

  A. that B. if

  C. whether D. what

  31. Though Mum is very busy, she always some time every day to read to her children.

  A. sets off B. sets in

  C. sets aside D. sets up

  32. These three girls help _____to clean the house.

  A. one another B. each other

  C. one and the other D. one and other

  33. The teacher recommended that Jack math or physics instead of English because he was quick at numbers.

  A. must study B. could study

  C. study D. studied

  34. He participated in the reconstruction of the city the war was over.

  A. before long B. soon after

  C. long after D. soon before

  35. Only by making wise use of land to find a solution to the problem of hunger and famine.

  A. we can be B. we will be able

  C. will we be able D. can we

  36. A teacher who is______ to the needs of individual student is sure to achieve some success.

  A. serious B. sensitive

  C. secure D. senior

  37. Nobody any more to say, the meeting was closed.

  A .had B. has had

  C. having D. had had

  38. When the guests were gone, she the tea-things in the cupboard.

  A. put up B. put off

  C. put away D. put in

  39. Staying in a hotel costs renting a room in an apartment for a week.

  A. twice more than

  B. twice as much

  C. as much as twice

  D. much as twice as

  40. One and a half years passed.

  A. are B. were

  C. have D. has


Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (50%)

  Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage:

  Passage One

  Population tends to grow at an exponential(指数的)rate. This means that they progressively double. As an example of this type of growth rate take one penny and double every day for one month. After the first week, you would have only 64 cent, but after the fourth week you would have over a million dollars.

  This helps explain why the population has come on“all of a sudden” took from he beginning of human 1ife to the year 1830 for the population of the earth to reach one billion. That repents(缓慢进行) a time span of at least two million years. Then it took from 1830 to 1930 for world population to reach 2 billion. The next billion was added by 1960 only thirty years and in 1975 world population reached 4 billion which is another billion people in only fifteen years.

  World population is increasing at a rate of 9, 000per hour, 220,000 per day and 80 million per year.

  This is not only due to higher birth rate, but to lower death rate as well. The number of births has not declined at the same rate as the number of deaths.

  Some countries such as Columbia, Thailand, Morocco, Costa Rica and the Philippines are doubling their population about every twenty-one years with a growth rate of 3.3 percent a year or more. The United States is doubling its population about very eighty-seven years, with a rate of 0.8 percent per year. (81)Every time a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything, including hospitals, schools, resources, food and medicines to care for its people. It is easy to see that this is very difficult to achieve for the more rapidly growing countries.

  41. This passage chiefly discusses A. the growth of world population.

  B. one type of the exponential rate. C. the population problem of more rapidly growing countries. D. the possible ways of dealing with the rapid population growth.

  42. According to the passage what helps to explain why the population problem has come on “all of a sudden”?

  A. The penny that doubles itself every day for one month.

  B. The time span of at 1east two million years in human history.

  C. An illustration of the exponent growth rate given by the author.

  D. The large amount of money you would luckily make after the fourth week.

  43. It took for the world to increase its population from 1 billion to 4 billion.

  A. 100 years B. 175 years C. 1975 years D. over two million years

  44. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A. World population is increasing at a rate of 150 per minute.

  B. Lower death rate also contributes to world population growth.

  C. The population of Columbia has been doubling every year for 21 years.

  D. The United States is usually doubling its population on about every 87 years.

  45. When a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything including __.

  A. hospitals and medicines B. schools and students

  C. food and manpower resources D. all of the above

  Questions 46 to 50 based on the following passage:

  Passage Two

  Women are on the whole more verbal than men. They are good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning. while men tend to be skilled at tasks demanding visual-spatial(视空)abilities. In fact, along with aggression these are the most commonly accepted difference between these sexes.

  Words are tools for communicating with other people especially information about people. They are mainly social tools. Visual and spatial abilities are good for imagining and manipulating objects and for communicating information about them. Are these talents programmed into the brain? In some of the newest and most controversial research in neurophysiology(神经生理学), it has been suggested that when it comes to the brain males are specialists while women are generalists.

  But one knows that, if anything this means in terms of the abilities of the two sexes. Engineering is both Visual and spatial and it’s true that there are relatively few women engineers. But women become just as skilled as men at shooting a rifle or driving a car task that involve visual-spatial skills. They also do equally well at programming a computer, which is neither visual nor spatial. Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves. We all know men for whom machines seem to be extensions of their identity. (82)A woman is more likely to see her car, rifle or computer as a useful tool but not in itself fascinating.

  46. According to the passage, women are usually good at_____.

  A. body language B. logical reasoning

  C. tasks demanding for the use of words D. both A and B

  47. The word "accepted” in the last sentence of the first paragraph, roughly means_____.

  A. believed B. assumed C. received D. reconciled

  48. In the author’s opinion, visual and spatial abilities are good for______.

  A. achieving one’s objects. B. mind and body.

  C. programming talents into the brain. D. imagination and communication.

  49. All the following tasks involve visual-spatial abilities EXCEPT____.

  A. imagining and handling objects.

  B. providing a computer with a set of instructions

  C. shooting a gun and driving an automobile

  D. planning and making things as an engineer does

  50. Why do women seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves?

  A. Because they have no visual-spatial skills.

  B. Because they are only good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning.

  C. Because they are less likely to see their charming or interesting aspects.

  D. Because they rarely use machines such as cars, rifles, computers, etc.

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage:

  Passage Three

  The US. government has recently helped people learn more about the dangers of earthquakes by publishing a map. This map shows the chances of an earthquake in each part of the country. (83)The areas of the map where earthquakes are most likely to occur are called earthquake “belt”. The government is, spending a great deal money and is working hard to help discover the answer to these two questions: l. Can we predict earthquake? 2. Can we control earthquakes?

  To answer the first question, scientists are looking very closely at the most active fault(断层)systems in the country such as the San Andreas fault in California, a fault is break between two sections of the earth’s surface. These breaks between sections are the place where earthquake occurs. Scientists look at the faults for changes that might show that an earthquake was about to occurs. But it will probably be many years before we can predict earthquakes accurately. And the control of earthquakes is even farther away.

  Nevertheless, there have been some interesting developments in the field of controlling earthquakes. The most interesting development concerns the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes. Here water was put into a layer of rocks 4000 meters below surface of the ground. Shortly after this injection of water, there were a small number of earthquakes. Scientists have decided that the water which was injected into rocks works like oil on each other. When the water“oiled”the fault, the fault became slippery and the energy of an earthquake was released. Scientists are still experimenting at the site of these earthquakes. They have realized that there is a connection between injection of the water and the earthquake activity. They have suggested that might be possible to use this knowledge to prevent very big destructive earthquakes, that is, scientists could inject some kind of fluid like water into faults and change one big earthquake into a number of small, harmless earthquakes.

  51. Earthquake belts are .

  A. maps that show where earthquakes are likely to occur

  B. zones with a high probability of earthquakes

  C. breaks between two sections of the earth’s surface

  D. the two layers of earth along a fault

  52. The San Andreas’ fault is .

  A. an active fault system

  B. a place where earthquakes have been predicted accurately

  C. a place where earthquake have been controlled

  D. the location of the Rocky Mountain

  53. What did scientists learn about earthquakes at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal?

  A. They occur at bout 4000 meters below ground level

  B. The injection of water into earthquake faults prevents earthquakes from occurring.

  C. They are usually caused by the oil in the faults.

  D. Harmful earthquakes can be possibly prevented by causing small harmless earthquake.

  54. What can be said about the experiments at Rocky Mountain Arsenal?

  A. They have no practical value in earthquake prevention.

  B. They may have practical value in earthquake prevention.

  C. They are certain to have practical value in earthquake prevention.

  D. he article does not say anything about their practical value in earthquake prevention.

  55. What is the most appropriate title for the passage?

  A. Dangers of Earthquake

  B. Earthquake Belts and Prediction

  C. Earthquake Prediction and Control

  D. Earthquake Engineering in California

  Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

  Passage Four

  Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting behavior. Viewed biologically, the modern footballer is in reality a member of a hunting group. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goalmouth. If his aim is accurate and he scores a goal, he enjoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey.

  To understand how this transformation has taken place we must briefly look back at our forefathers. They spent over a million years evolving(进化) as Cooperative hunters. Their very survival depended on success in the hunting field. (84)Under this pressure their whole way of life, even their bodies, became greatly changed:They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey killers. They cooperated as skillful male group attack.

  Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting the food, they became farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life was put to a new use——that of controlling and domesticating (驯养) their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival.

  (85)The skills and thirst for hunting remained, however, and demanded new outlets. Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences(后果), but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against prey that was no longer essential to their survival. To be sure, the kill may have been eaten, but there were other purposes, much simpler of obtaining a meaty meal.

  56. What is the main idea of the passage?

  A. Hunting is very important in human civilization.

  B. Sporting activities satisfy the desire of modern society.

  C. It’s hunting that provides human beings with food.

  D. The importance of sporting activities in modern society.

  57. According to the author, sporting activities .

  A. are essential to the survival

  B. have actually developed from hunting

  C. evolve as biological development

  D. are football games

  58. For over a million years. our forefathers were basically .

  A. skillful sportsmen B. successful farmers

  C. runners and jumpers D. cooperating hunters

  59. The word“operation (Par. 4)refers to .

  A. sports activities B. hunting C. farmers D. prey killing

  60. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

  A. The goalmouth is equal to the weapon in hunting.

  B. Without hunting our forefathers couldn’t live.

  C. After our forefathers became farmers they still hunted for food.

  D. Farmers are satisfied with stable lives and they didn’t have enthusiasm for hunting any more

  III. Cloze Test (20分)

  The Red Cross is 61 organization which cares for people who are in 62 of help. A man in a Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who was injured 63 an earthquake, and a family in India 64 lost their home in a storm may all 65 by the Red Cross.

  The Red Cross exists in almost every country 66 the world . The World Red Cross Organizations are sometimes are sometimes called the Red Crescent(新月) the Red Mogen David, the Sun , and the Red Lion . All of these agencies 67 a common goal of trying 68 people in need.

  The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and 69 during a war started 70 Jean Henry Dunant. In 1859, he observed 71 suffering 72 a battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded people 73 of which side they were 74 .The most important result of his work was an international treaty 75 the Geneva Convention(日内瓦公约). It 76 prisoners of war, the sick and wounded, and 77 citizens during a war.

  The American Red Cross 78 by Clara Barton in 1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides a number of 79 for the public. Such as helping people in need, teaching first aid,

  80 water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood.

  61. A. internationally B. an international C. a worldly D. a world’s

  62. A.lack B. supply C. necessity D. need

  63. A. in B. at C. by D. on

  64. A. where B. that C. when D. whom

  65. A. be aiding B. be aided C. aid D. aided

  66. A. around B. on C. within D. of

  67. A. belong to B. owe C win D. share

  68. A. with helping B. and help C. to help D. for helping

  69. A. wounding B. having wounded C. wounded D. being wounded

  70. A. from B. with C. by D. at

  71. A. how were people B. how people were C. people were how D. people how were

  72. A. from B. on C. by D. with

  73. A. regardless B. in favor C. despite D. on account

  74. A. fought for B. fighting for C. fought D. fighting

  75. A. to call B. calling C. call D. called

  76. A. prohibits B. protests C. protects D. provides

  77. A. other B. others C. another D. the other

  78. A. was setting up B. has been set up C. was set up D. had been set up

  79. A. services B. helpings C. facilities D. money

  80. A. to demonstrate B. demonstrating C. demonstration D. demonstrates


答案详解

  I. Vocabulary and structure

  1. C count on sb.:依靠、指望某人,其为固定短语,其他选项均无此意。句意:老师希望在他不在的时候有一个助手帮他处理问题。

  2. D exact:准确的;right:正确的;sure:确信的;一定的;可靠的;definite:明确的、确切的;一定的.、肯定的.。本题中是穿越大西洋的航海旅行,只有voyage符合题意。句意:约翰森夫妇还没有为穿越大西洋的航海旅行作任何准备。

  3. B keep sth. + V.ing形式:使某物继续保持某种状态。句意:由于天气寒冷,他们在野营的夜晚一直点着火。

  4. B ready:准备就绪的、乐意的;available:现成可使用的、可利用的、可得到的;probable:很可能的、大概的;approachable:可接近的、随和的。食物在商店里应该是可以买到的,所以使用available. 句意:商店里有售可直接烹饪的方便食品。

  5. D 动词的过去完成时表示已经发生的动作,同时被报道应使用被动态。句意:据报道,许多人死于这场自然灾害。

  6. C 表示“本可能发生却未发生的事情”, 条件从句用过去完成时, 主句用would have done, should have done, might / could have done。句意:如果事前仔细设计了整个手术的话,结果会更好。

  7. D speak to sb.:对某人讲话。此处使用被动态, 别人对Jane说话。句意:Jane寡言少语,当被问及才简单地回答几句。

  8. C every后面的名词用单数,跟动词使用第三人称单数。句意:并不是每一个工人都想迅速地结束。

  9. D recall:回忆起、召回、收回、撤销;retain:保留、保持;remember:记住;remind sb. of :提醒某人某事。句意:墙上的照片使奶奶想起以前一大家子住在一起时快乐的日子。

  10. C would rather not do sth.:不愿做某事。句意:如果你不愿和我去. 你最好提前告诉我。

  11. A get through:完成;度过、通过;讲清楚;打通电话;get away:走开;逃脱;(with)做了坏事而逃脱责罚;get up:起床;get down:下来;写下;使沮丧;(to)着手做。句意:我们希望他会很快结束他的失望和沮丧并且又变得开心起来。

  12. B extremely:极端地、非常地;intensively:集中地、强烈地、密集地;originally:原有地、独创地;violently:暴力地、猛烈地。句意:环境保护的问题正在被深入地研究着。

  13. B 现在分词完成被动式 sb./sth. having been done。句意:由于暴风雨,所有的活动被取消了,许多学生只能呆在教室里什么也做不了。

  14. A 在“名词-名词”组合的复合词作为形容词时,一般不需要连字符,因为混淆的可能性很小。如果“形容词-名词”在单独使用情况下为复数形式,在使用连字符时要变单数。句意:“你在服装店买东西了吗?”“是的,我花一百二十美元买了三件价值五十美元的衬衣。”

  15. D 将来完成时:(shall)will+have+动词过去分词,用来表示在将来某一时间以前已经完成或一直持续的动作。经常与before+将来时间或by+将来时间连用,也可与before或by the time引导的现在时的从句连用。句意:到你回来的时候,这个地方会发生很多变化。

  16. B 情态动词后跟现在进行时。句意:男孩的房间灯还亮着,他一定正在学习。

  17. B just then:就在那时;while:当...的时候;soon after:不久以后;during the time when:在...期间。句意:当她住在巴黎的时候. 她遇见了她的丈夫Terry.

  18. A apply A to B 将A适用于B。句意:职业学校使学生做好准备,将在课堂上所学到的实际技能使用到工作中去。

  19. D intimate:亲密的;私人的; initial:开始的;inevitable:无法避免的;incredible:令人难以想象的。句意:他的书写英语十分优秀,他拥有着一个大二学生无法达到惊人的词汇量。

  20. B look into:调查、观察;run into:遭遇(困难等);撞在…上;偶然碰见;共计;come into:继承;获得;得到;进来;put into:输入;翻译;进入。句意:自从这家公司遭遇了不公平竞争后. 它的销售指数降到了历史新低。

  21. C 反义疑问后半句,以it作为反义疑问的提问词,动词be(is. isn't are aren't was wasn't were weren't )+人称代词主格或there。句意:John不是一个勤奋的孩子,这已经是他第三次迟到了,难道不是吗?

  22. B tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事。句意:由于我什么都没有做错,他告诉我不要害怕。

  23. A rise:vi.升起、起立(床);上涨;raise:vt./ n.举起;增加;筹集;引起;养育;arise:vi.产生、出现;起源于;起身(床);arouse:vt.引起、激起、唤起、唤醒。句意:去年生产率增长了百分之二十。

  24. C hold up:支持、支撑;延迟;展示、举出;抢劫;hold down:阻止上涨;压制、控制;保持住(工作等);hold out:伸出;维持;坚持(要求);不屈服;hold in:约束、抑制、克制。句意:我希望这种好天气能一直持续到我们的旅行结束。

  25. C only:唯一的、最好的;sole:唯一的、独有的;unique:唯一的、独一无二的;极不寻常的;one 一个。句意:世界上的每一个人都拥有着独一无二的性格,而每个人都是互不相同的。

  26. C 该做而未做: should have done;不该做而做了: should not have done。句意:手头上有许多工作. 他昨晚却去了电影院。

  27. C spoil:损坏、溺爱;destroy:破坏、毁坏;hurt:弄伤(痛);伤感情;危(损)害;damage:毁坏、损害。句意:对不起. 我伤害了你的感情。

  28. C look sb. Up:拜访某人;look into sb.:调查、观察某人;look up to sb.:尊敬某人;look to sb. 照管、留心、指望某人。句意:他是一位充满智慧的人. 所有的人都很尊敬他。

  29. C whatever:pron.无论什么 a.不管怎样的;however:ad.然而、可是、无论如何;conj.不管怎样;anyway:ad.不管怎么说、至少、不论以何种方式;some way:一部分、有点。句意:你可以以自己喜欢的任何形式来写这篇论文。

  30. C 在be uncertain/doubtful之后,常用whether引导宾语从句。句意:我不知她是否能从她的中国之行学到很多。

  31. C set off:出发、启程;激起、引起;set in:开始(并将延续下去);set aside:留出、拨出(时间等);把…置于一旁;set up:创立. 建立。句意:即使母亲很忙. 她仍然每天匀出时间读书给孩子听。

  32. A one another:互相(三者及三者以上);each other:互相、彼此(二者);one and the other 一个和另一个。句意:这三个女孩子来互相帮忙打扫房间。

  33. C recommend that sb (should) do sth. :建议某人做某事。句意:老师建议Jack学习数学和物理而不是英语,因为他计算很快。

  34. B before long:不久以后;soon after:很快;long after:很久以后;soon before:不久以前。句意:战争结束后不久. 他参加了这个城市的重建。

  35. C 副词only置于句首,强调方式状语、条件状语、地点状语、时间状语等状语时,主句要进行部分倒装。句意:只有明智地使用这片土地,才能找到解决饥荒问题的方法。

  36. B serious:严重的、重要的、认真的、严肃的; sensitive:敏感的、神经过敏的、易受伤害的; secure: 安全的、牢固的; senior:地位高的、年长的。句意:一位能够迅速感知每位学生需求的老师必定会取得成功。

  37. C V.+ing. 表原因。句意:没有人还想说什么,所以会议结束了。

  38. C put up 建造;张贴;提高;投宿;提出;put off 推迟;put away 放好、收好;put in 花费、付出(时间等);正式提出、申请。句意:当客人离开以后,她收拾好橱柜里的茶具。

  39. B 数量词+as much/many as +n. 固定搭配。句意:在宾馆里待一周会比租一套公寓多花一倍钱。

  40. D one and a half:后面接复数名词,比如接名词是时间、距离、金钱和度量衡的时候就都应该用单数谓语动词。句意:一年半已经过去了。

  Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension

  41. A 主旨题。题干大意是:本篇文章主要讨论的是______。从文章第一句“Population tends to grow at an exponential rate.”可知,本篇文章主要讨论人口增长。故正确答案为A。

  42. C 事实细节题。题干大意是:______可以解释人口突然增长的问题。从文章第二段This helps explain why the population has come on“a11 of a sudden”took from he beginning of human life to the year 1830 for the population of the earth to reach one billion. 作者举出实例来解释人口突然增长的问题。故正确答案为C。

  43. B 事实细节题。题干大意是:世界人口要从十亿增长到四十亿需要花_____年。原文“The next billion was added by 1960 only thirty years and in 1975 world population reached 4 billion which is another billion people in only fifteen years. ”可以得知175 years为正确答案. 故选择B。

  44. C 推理判断题。题干大意为:下列哪项说明不是真实的?根据原文“World population is increasing at a rate of 9, 000per hour,220,000 per day and 80 million per year.”得知A选项正确。因为9000除以60为150。根据原文“This is not only due to higher birth rate, but to lower death rate as well. The number of births has not declined at the same rate as the number of deaths.”得知低死亡率同样影响了世界人口的增长. 所以B选项正确。根据原文“Some countries such as Columbia, Thailand Morocco Costa Rica. and the Philippines are doubling their population about every twenty-one years with a growth rate of 3.3 percent a year or more.”得知C选项错误。根据原文“The United States is doubling its population about very eighty-seven years, with a rate of 0.8 percent per year. ”得知D选项正确。故正确答案为C。

  45. A 事实细节题。题干大意为:当人口翻一番,国家的______需求会变为以前的两倍。根据原文“Every time a population doubles, the country involved needs twice as much of everything, including hospitals, schools , resources ,food and medicines to care for its people.”得知A选项正确。

  46. C 事实细节题。题干大意为:妇女一般善于做______。根据原文“They are good at 1anguage and verbal reasoning. while men tend to be skilled at tasks demanding visual—spatial(视空)abilities. ”得知tasks demanding for the use of words正确。

  47. A 事实细节题。题干大意为:第一段最后一句中的“accepted”意为______。

  在文中第一段的最后一句“In fact, along with aggression. these are the most commonly accepted difference between these sexes. ”中,accepted为相信、认为的意思。

  48. D 事实细节题。题干大意为:作者认为. 视觉和空间能力尤对______好。根据原文“Visual and spatial abilities are good for imagining and manipulating objects and for communicating information about them. ”得知对于imaging and communicating很好. 故正确答案为D。

  49. B 事实细节题。题干大意为:以下任务除了______都包括视力空间能力。根据原文“Engineering is both Visual and spatial. and it’s true that there are relatively few women engineers. But women become just as skilled as men at shooting a rifle or driving a car. task that involve visual-spatial skills. They also do equally well at programming a computer, which is neither visual nor spatial. Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves.”得知providing a computer with a set of instructions不包含视力及空间能力。

  50. C 事实细节题。题干大意为:为什么妇女更不易于爱上事物本身?根据原文“Women do, however, seem less likely to fall in love with the objects themselves. We all know men for whom machines seem to be extensions of their identity. A woman is more likely to see her car, rifle, or computer as a useful tool but not in itself fascinating.”得知妇女不易于发现事物本身的延伸——即有趣的一面. 故正确答案为C。

  51. B 事实细节题。题干大意为:地震带是_______。根据原文“The areas of the map where earthquakes are most likely to occur are called earthquake “belt”。

  52. A 事实细节题。题干大意为:San Andreas断层是_______。根据原文“To answer the first question, scientists are looking very closely at the most active fault(断层)systems in the country. such as the San Andreas fault in California, a fault is break between two sections of the earth's surface. ”得知San Andreas断层是most active fault system。故正确答案为A。

  53. D 事实细节题。题干大意为:科学家从Rocky Mountain Arsenal地震中学到了什么?根据原文“They have realized that there is a connection between injection of the water and the earthquake activity. They have suggested that might be possible to use this knowledge to prevent very big destructive earthquakes, that is, scientists could inject some kind of fluid like water into faults and change one big earthquake into a number of small, harmless earthquakes.”得知一些无害小地震可以阻止大型伤亡严重地震的发生。故正确答案为D。

  54. B 事实细节题。题干大意为:从Rocky Mountain Arsenal的研究可以得知_______。根据原文最后一段“ Nevertheless, there have been some interesting developments in the field of controlling earthquakes. The most interesting development concerns the Rocky Mountain Arsenal earthquakes. Here water was put into a 1ayer of rocks 4000 meters below surface of the ground. Shortly after this injection of water. there was a small number of earthquakes. ”可以推断出这个实验对于预防地震有实际效果。故正确答案为B。

  55. C 推理判断题。题干大意是:本文最合适的题目是?根据内容可以推断出全文主要涉及地震分析、预防及其控制。

  56. B 主旨题。题干大意为:全片主旨为?根据原文topic sentence“Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting behavior.”可以推断出全文主要涉及体育运动和现代社会需求的关系. 故正确答案为B。

  57. B 事实细节题。题干大意是:作者认为,体育活动是______。根据原文“Instead the sportsmen set off to test their skill against prey that was no longer essential to their survival.”得知体育活动对于生存不是必需的。根据原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. ”得知体育运动是从狩猎缓慢演变而来. 故正确答案为B。

  58. D 事实细节题。题干大意是:一百万年以前. 我们的祖先是______。根据原文“Then about ten thousand years ago, after this immensely long period of hunting the food. they became farmers. Their improved intelligence. so vita1 to their old hunting life was put to a new use——that of controlling and. domesticating (驯养) their prey. The hunt became suddenly out of date. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and uncertainties of the hunt were no longer essential for survival. ”得知祖先是在合作狩猎. 故正确答案为D。

  59. D 事实细节题。题干大意是:第四段中的“operation”意思是_______。根据原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity. This new activity involved all the original hunting sequences(后果), but the aim of the operation was no longer to avoid starvation. ”得知“operation”指的是成功狩猎后的宰杀。

  60. B 推理判断题。题干大意是:根据原文. 下列哪个选项是真实的?根据原文“His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football and his prey into a goalmouth.”goalmouth应该对应猎物,所以A选项错误。根据原文“Hunting for sport replaced hunting for necessity.”得知后期祖先不是因食物而打猎,而是出于运动的目的,故答案为B。

  III. Cloze

  61. B worldly 世俗的、世故的;internationally为副词形式。而此处需形容词性来修饰organization. 可知B为正确答案。

  62. D in need of...急需. 缺少...;lack of...缺少...;supply n. 补给、供给、供应品;necessity n.必需品、必要(性)、(迫切)需要。此处为急需帮忙。

  63. A 在一次地震中受伤。

  64. B where指地点;that引导从句、无实义;when指时间;whom指人(宾格)。根据句意为一个在印度的家庭。

  65. B may情态动词后接动词原形,故may be aided。

  66. A 在世界上:in/all over the world. 故正确答案为A。

  67. D belong to 属于;owe 欠;应该把…归功于;感激、感恩;win 赢得;share 分享. 分担;分配。句意为共有一个目标,所以正确答案为share。

  68. C try to do sth. 试图做某事。句意为试图帮助有需要的人们。

  69. C the +adj. 表示一类人。the wounded表示受伤的人。

  70. B 根据句意“由Jean Henry Dunant引起的战争”。

  71. B 陈述句中使用特殊疑问词后谓语使用陈述句语序,故使用people were suffering。

  72. B on a battlefield 在战场上,固定搭配。

  73. A regardless of 不顾、不惜;in favor of 支持、赞同;despite of 尽管;on account of 为了…的缘、因为、由于。根据句意“他想帮助所有受伤的人而不顾他为哪方而战。”

  74. B fight for...为...而战,固定搭配。句中使用过去进行时。故正确答案为B。

  75. D called 被称为、被叫作...

  76. C prohibit 禁止、不准;protest 抗议、反对;protect 保护;provide 提供。Protect sb. Of/from sth. 保护某人不受...。句意中“保护犯人不受战争、战争、疾病的影响”。

  77. A other 其他的;others 其他(复数);another 再(另)一个;the other 二者中的另一个(单数)。Other + n. :句中other citizens 表其他国民。

  78. C 一般过去时表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为;过去主语所具备的能力和性格。基本结构:主语+动词过去式+其他;否定形式①was/were+not;②在行为动词前加didn't. 同时还原行为动词;一般疑问句Did+主语+do+其他。句中“美国的红十字协会于1881年由Clara Barton建立。” 故正确答案为C。

  79. A service 服务;helping 服务;facility 设施;money 金钱。根据原句:Such as helping people in need, teaching first aid, water safety and artificial respiration, and providing blood. 均指各种服务. 所以正确答案为A。

  80. B 保持谓语一致. 原句中出现了helping,teaching,providing,故demonstrate也应使用ing.形式. 故正确答案为B。


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